September 21, 1991, the day of the referendum for independence of Armenia. Based on the results of the referendum (99% voted for independence), the parliament (The Supreme Soviet of the Armenian SSR) adopted the Declaration of Independence and announced the independence of the Republic of Armenia. This date is now a national holiday - the Independence Day.
The Republic of Armenia is a sovereign, democratic, social, rule of law state. The state power is administered pursuant to the Constitution and the laws based on the principle of separation of the legislative, executive and judicial branches.
The Republic of Armenia is a member of the United Nations, Council of Europe, Organization of Security and Cooperation in Europe, Commonwealth of Independent States, Black Sea Economic Cooperation, World Trade Organization, World Tourism Organization, World Health Organization, International Civil Aviation Organization, INTERPOL.
Was adopted on July 5, 1995, through a popular referendum. Adopted by referendum on 27 November, 2005.
The Republic of Armenia has a presidential system of government.
The executive power in the Republic of Armenia belongs to the Government of the Republic. The Government is composed of the Prime Minister and the Ministers. The President of the Republic appoints and removes the Prime Minister of the Republic. The President also appoints and removes all members of the Government nominated by the Prime Minister.
Legislative power in the Republic of Armenia belongs to the National Assembly. The National Assembly is a 131-seat body. Last parliamentary elections were held in May 2007.
In the Republic of Armenia, justice is carried out by Courts in accordance with the Constitution and the Law. In the Republic of Armenia, the courts of general competence are: courts of the first instance, review courts and the Court of Appeals. There are also economic, military and other courts provided by the Law.
Eleven marzes (provinces): Aragatsotn, Ararat, Armavir, Gegharkunik, Lori, Kotayk, Shirak, Syunik, Vayots Dzor, Tavoush, Yerevan.