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 WELCOME TO ARMENIA!

 

Bari Galoust!

That’s the way we say welcome to all who come to Armenia, the name of which has been associated with the homeland of Noah’s Ark after the Flood.

 

Official Name:

Republic of Armenia - Hayastani Hanrapetoutyun (Hayastan).

 

Armenia lies in the southern Caucasus, in the northeast of the Armenian Upland, occupying 29,750 sq. km. It is bordered by Turkey to the west, Georgia to the north, Iran to the south, and Azerbaijan to the east and southwest. The average height above sea level is 1,800 meters. The highest peak is Mount Aragats (4,090 meters), the lowest altitude – River Debed (370 meters), the largest lake – Sevan (1,250 square kilometers, c. 2,000 meters above sea level).

 

There are 11 marzes (provinces) in Armenia; the capital city is Yerevan. The birth of the fortress of Erebouni (Yerevan) was proclaimed by the Urartian King Argishti in 782 B.C., which is 28 years older than Rome.

 

With its alpine meadows and lakes, lush forests, cascading waterfalls and springs, awesome beauty of canyons and majesty of snow-crowned mountains, Armenia conjures visions of Eden. There is so much to see in this ancient “open-air museum” and so much to experience. More than 40,000 historical and architectural monuments of all ages – ruins of antique cities and fortresses, a profusion of medieval monasteries and churches can be explored.

 

Over three million people live in Armenia, 98% of the population are ethnic Armenians. Among minorities are Russians, Yezidis, Kurds, Assyrians, Greeks, Ukrainians, Jews, etc.

 

The Armenian native language is an independent branch of the Indo-European languages. Along with the native language, Russian and English are spoken fluently by most Armenians.

 

Armenia is the first country who adopted Christianity as state religion in 301 A.D. The church is called ‘Apostolic Church of Armenia. It also has the denomination ‘Gregorian Church’ which comes from the name of St. Gregory the Illuminator – the founder of the first Christian Armenian church at Vagharshapat (Etchmiadzin). St. Etchmiadzin is the religious capital of all Armenians throughout the world and the residence of the Supreme Patriarch and Catholicos of All Armenians.

 

The best way to know Armenia is to visit and discover it, to understand its people, traditions and history, the values they fought for and live by.

 

 

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